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Between 20 the number of countries listed grew to 16 and then fell to 11. Country Reports on Human Rights Practices is an annual series of reports on human rights conditions in countries throughout the world.
Most users who post online media practice a degree of self-censorship prompted by fears of regulatory prosecution.The president has established a strong and elaborate information security policy and has declared his intention to exercise strict control over the Internet under the pretext of national security.The political climate is repressive and opposition leaders and independent journalists are frequently detained and prosecuted.At the time the Internet in most of these countries was a relatively open and unconstrained space for free expression, but the countries also typically featured a repressive environment for traditional media and had recently considered or introduced legislation that would negatively affect Internet freedom.Due to legal concerns the Open Net Initiative does not check for filtering of child pornography and because their classifications focus on technical filtering, they do not include other types of censorship.The organization classifies a country as an enemy of the internet because "all of these countries mark themselves out not just for their capacity to censor news and information online but also for their almost systematic repression of Internet users." When the "Enemies of the Internet" list was introduced in 2006, it listed 13 countries.
From 2006 to 2012 the number of countries listed fell to 10 and then rose to 12. In 2014 the list grew to 19 with an increased emphasis on surveillance in addition to censorship. When the "Countries under surveillance" list was introduced in 2008, it listed 10 countries.
The reports cover internationally recognized individual, civil, political, and worker rights, as set forth in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
The first report was issued in 1977 covering the year 1976.
A country is classified as engaged in pervasive censorship or surveillance when it often censors political, social, and other content, is engaged in mass surveillance of the Internet, and retaliates against citizens who circumvent censorship or surveillance with imprisonment or other sanctions.
A country is included in the "pervasive" category when it: Bahrain enforces an effective news blackout using an array of repressive measures, including keeping the international media away, harassing human rights activists, arresting bloggers and other online activists (one of whom died in detention), prosecuting free speech activists, and disrupting communications, especially during major demonstrations.
The Internet in Belarus, as a space used for circulating information and mobilizing protests, has been hard hit as the authorities increased the list of blocked websites and partially blocked the Internet during protests.