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Javelins were also used in the Ancient Olympics and other Panhellenic games.They were hurled in a certain direction and whoever hurled it the farthest, as long as it hit tip-first, won that game.
The iron shank was either socketed or, more usually, widened to a flat tang .
Stratigraphic dating indicates that the weapons are about 400,000 years old.
The excavated items were made of spruce (Picea) trunk and were between 1.83 and 2.25 metres long.
While the Triarii were still armed with the hasta, the Hastati and the Principes were rearmed with short swords and heavy javelins.
Each soldier from the Hastati and Principes lines carried two javelins.
The thureophoroi and thorakitai, who gradually replaced the peltasts, carried javelins in addition to a long thrusting spear and a short sword.
Javelins were often used as an effective hunting weapon, the strap adding enough power to take down large game.By launching repeated hit-and-run attacks against the Spartan formation, Iphicrates and his men were able to wear the Spartans down, eventually routing them and killing just under half.This marked the first recorded occasion in ancient Greek military history in which a force entirely made up of peltasts had defeated a force of hoplites.The word javelin comes from Middle English and it derives from Old French javelin, a diminutive of javelot, which meant spear.The word javelot probably originated from one of the Celtic languages.After this defeat, the Romans undertook a comprehensive reform of their army and changed the basic tactical formation from the Greek-style phalanx armed with the hasta spear and the clipeus round shield to a more flexible three-line formation.