Iceman radiocarbon dating

04-May-2020 13:15 by 2 Comments

Iceman radiocarbon dating

British chemist Alfred Lucas applied chemical analyses to Egyptian mummies during this same period, which returned many results about the types of substances used in embalming.Lucas also made significant contributions to the analysis of Tutankhamun in 1922.

Written in Book 2 of the Histories is one of the most detailed descriptions of the Egyptian mummification process, including the mention of using natron in order to dehydrate corpses for preservation.The information presented at the meeting triggered a new surge of interest in the subject, with one of the major results being integration of biomedical and bioarchaeological information on mummies with existing databases.This was not possible prior to the Congress due to the unique and highly specialized techniques required to gather such data.The majority of the papyri that have survived only describe the ceremonial rituals involved in embalming, not the actual surgical processes involved.A text known as The Ritual of Embalming does describe some of the practical logistics of embalming, however, there are only two known copies and each is incomplete.The Medieval English term "mummy" was defined as "medical preparation of the substance of mummies", rather than the entire corpse, with Richard Hakluyt in 1599 AD complaining that "these dead bodies are the Mummy which the Phisistians and Apothecaries doe against our willes make us to swallow". The OED defines a mummy as "the body of a human being or animal embalmed (according to the ancient Egyptian or some analogous method) as a preparation for burial", citing sources from 1615 AD onward.

define a mummy as follows: "A human or animal body desiccated by exposure to sun or air.Much of this early experimentation with mummification in Egypt is unknown.The few documents that directly describe the mummification process date to the Greco-Roman period.The Spirit Cave mummies of Fallon, Nevada in North America were accurately dated at more than 9,400 years old.Before this discovery, the oldest known deliberate mummy was a child, one of the Chinchorro mummies found in the Camarones Valley, Chile, which dates around 5050 BC.Also applied to the frozen carcase of an animal imbedded in prehistoric snow".

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