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As the tracks lead in the same direction, they might have been produced by a group visiting a waterhole together, but there is nothing—or very little (see below, Interpretation and significance)—to support the common assumption of a nuclear family.

No mammalian fauna were found in the lower unit of the Laetolil Beds, and no date could be assigned to this layer.

With the footprints there were other discoveries excavated at Laetoli including hominin and animal skeletal remains.

Analysis of the footprints and skeletal structure showed clear evidence that bipedalism preceded enlarged brains in hominins.

Several mammalian fossils were collected with a left lower canine tooth originally identified as that of a non-human primate, but later was revealed (in 1979, by P. Several hominin remains, including premolars, molars, and incisors, were identified.

A later excavation in 1959 revealed no new hominins, and Laetoli went relatively unexplored until 1974—when the discovery of a hominin premolar by George Dove revived interest in the site.

At a species level, the identity of the hominins who made the trace is obviously difficult to precisely construe; Australopithecus afarensis is the species most commonly proposed.

Laetoli was first recognized by western science in 1935 through a man named Sanimu, who convinced archeologist Louis Leakey to investigate the area. In 19, German archaeologist Ludwig Kohl-Larsen studied the site extensively.Further analysis indicated that individual S1 was considerably larger than any of the three individuals from site G.Other prints show the presence of twenty different animal species besides the hominin A.Mary Leakey returned and almost immediately discovered the well-preserved remains of hominins.In 1978, Leakey's 1976 discovery of hominin tracks—"The Laetoli Footprints"—provided convincing evidence of bipedalism in Pliocene hominins and gained significant recognition by both scientists and laymen.The feet do not have the mobile big toe of apes; instead, they have an arch (the bending of the sole of the foot) typical of modern humans.